It’s essential to have a reliable backend for your applications to run smoothly. However, selecting the best technology stack to meet this requirement is a difficult task. You’ll need tools to build and scale data management, APIs, and less-user-facing code. For several companies, NodeJS was the platform of choice for backend development. Today, this situation has altered, with major corporations such as Uber shifting to Google’s Golang programming language.
Golang has garnered a lot of popularity in the backend development world since its debut in 2009. On the other hand, NodeJS, which was developed at the same time, has found popularity among programmers due to its cross-platform capabilities. With all of this in mind, how can you choose and select the one that best suits your specific business requirements?
This blog will compare Golang with NodeJS to answer this topic in-depth and assist you in making the best decision for your forthcoming 2022 projects. But first, let’s go through some of the basics.
Table of Contents
- 1 What is NodeJS used for?
- 2 What is Golang used for?
- 3 Comparison between NodeJS vs Golang
- 4 Companies and Apps Using Node.Js
- 5 Companies and Apps Using Golang
- 6 Conclusion
What is NodeJS used for?
Introduction to Node Js
Not to mention that NodeJs is utilized by some of the most well-known firms in the world, including Netflix, Linkedin, Trello, PayPal, and Medium, to name a few.
Now that we’ve covered the basics of NodeJS, let’s look at its pros and cons.
Pros of NodeJS
- NodeJS is widely recognized as one of the best platforms for developing scalable apps.
- You can utilize NodeJS to improve your backend capabilities while simultaneously speeding up your frontend capabilities.
- With JSON support, NodeJS makes it simple for developers to create RESTful APIs for NoSQL databases.
- It has a strong, active, and enthusiastic development community that helps it keep up with the times.
- NodeJS can be used in conjunction with a microservices architecture, making it simple to add new features to your app.
Its minimal weight characteristic allows your developers to accelerate the development process and launch apps more quickly and efficiently.
Cons of NodeJS
- It is incapable of handling complex computational tasks.
- Its recurrent, backward-incompatible API changes necessitate extensive code changes.
- Because Node JS has a small standard library, developers must rely on a lot of third-party libraries.
- The market is unable to meet the requirement for NodeJS developers.
What is Golang used for?
Go is a programming language that is used to create a variety of applications, particularly for system programming. It is widely used by developers to design high-end modular systems with a focus on speed and security, as well as other large-scale distributed systems. It’s also recognized for being widely used in highly scalable network applications and servers. The language is also useful for developing cloud-based interfaces and associated tasks. Live application platforms, big data/machine learning programs, and microservices are some of the other Golang use cases.
Introduction to Golang
Golang, also known as Go, is an open-source statistically typed programming language created by Google to speed up the delivery of software solutions. It’s a cross-platform, multifunctional language that’s highly recommended for web development, just like NodeJS. It is developer-friendly because it blends the strengths of other languages and overcomes their limits to tackle current and future programming difficulties. It has a simple yet straightforward syntax that allows you to produce legible and maintainable code.
Go is also a structural language that combines the security and speed advantages of C++ /C. It’s based on Python’s speed-of-development ideas, making it a popular choice among programmers all around the world. Its cutting-edge programming tools make developing code more efficient and easy than ever before.
This language is now used by numerous tech giants such as Intel, Dropbox, Kubernetes, Docker, Heroku, and others.
Let’s look into the pros and cons of Golang now:
Pros of Go
- Static typing underpins Golang, allowing the compiler to quickly uncover entire classes of errors.
- The language supports structural typing (also known as duck typing), which means that any struct can satisfy an interface as long as it includes the required methods. This aids in the decoupling of coding dependencies and the writing of more testable programs.
- Golang contains a large standard library and concrete packages with built-in primitive type functionality that is simple to use.
- This standard library also includes testing support, removing any further reliance.
- Garbage collection makes memory management in Go much easier.
- Concurrent programming becomes much easier, and you can easily create a lightweight thread, known as a ‘goroutine,’ and interact with it via a ‘channel.’
Cons of Go
- The language lacks generics, resulting in copy-paste style of code for certain solutions.
- Unlike Java, Go does not have a tunable garbage collector.
- As a relatively new language, the market is unable to efficiently meet the need for Golang developers.
Discussing the pros and cons is not the only factor that can assist you in making the best decision. As a result, the following section focuses on highlighting the key differences between the two while also emphasizing their uniqueness.
Comparison between NodeJS vs Golang
Performance is crucial in any scalable system, which is why Node.js is so popular among developers. To give you an idea, below are some of the best Node.js apps. Let’s compare Node.js vs. Golang, which processes faster in terms of raw speed, in addition to improving performance through caching.
The performance of Go is said to be comparable to that of C and C++, which is wonderful as Go compiles its code directly to machine code without the usage of a virtual machine to slow down the compilation process.
In addition, Golang has a built-in garbage collector that automatically frees up unused memory locations, allowing for speedier processing. This functionality also reduces the danger of memory leaking causing security issues.
Paypal claims that after switching from Java to Node.js in 2013, their pages were served 200ms faster and their average response time was lowered by 35%.
Node.js with TypeScript is slower than other programming languages since it is statically typed. Unlike Go, Node.js cannot conduct CPU and memory-bound tasks, which means that the version of Node.js cannot be as specific — it can perform well or poorly depending on the nature of the project.
In this comparison of performance, Go outperforms Node.js in terms of how rapidly a programming language should compile and execute instructions.
Scalability and Concurrency
In terms of scalability, Google planned to create a programming language for creating heavy and complicated enterprise-scale, production-ready apps. They prioritized scalability and were successful in accomplishing it.
Go uses goroutines, which enable threads to be executed reliably and easily while also allowing them to run concurrently and smoothly. Go is a great scalable programming language because of these goroutines.
CPU-bound activities can sometimes stop the event loop in Node.js’ single-threaded architecture, slowing down your programme. As a result, your app will be slow and your visitors will be irritated.
Go clearly outperforms Node.js in this comparison because it uses goroutines to provide concurrency, resulting in faster operations than Node.js’ single-threaded architecture.
You may sometimes figure out which tool or language is best by running through various jobs or algorithms and calculating the time, speed, and other factors that every language requires.
In this section, we will look at an example of Node.js vs. Node.js performance in a benchmark task. Experiment with various techniques and algorithms for computer languages.
We can see from the statistics that Golang uses less time, memory, and CPU to complete tasks than Node.js.
Golang’s procedures, concepts, rules, pointers, strict typing, interfaces, coroutines, and other features must be mastered by developers. The learning curve for Golang developers is often steeper.
Above all, Golang is strictly a backend programming language. As a result, you’ll need to hire a front-end developer on your own.
When comparing Node.js to Golang, it’s evident that Node.js has a lower learning curve.
Open-source projects are notable for the enormous number of developers who contribute on a daily basis, as well as the large community that supports them. Both Node.js and Golang are open source projects with large development communities and support.
On the one hand, Node.js is a more developed framework with a larger and more welcoming community. The Node.js Foundation oversees the security and long-term support (LTS) plan for greater Node.js stability, facilitating wider adoption.
GoDaddy, Intel, IBM, Microsoft, PayPal, and NodeSource are among the members of the Node.js Foundation and Node+JS Interactive, where programmers reveal new upgrades and updates to Node.js.
Node.js has 80,300 Github stars and over one billion downloads as of this writing.
Whereas Golang has a smaller but rapidly developing community. Google’s backing for Go and hosting of the GopherCon, an annual gathering of Go developers from around the world to discuss new prospects and changes, provide compelling reasons to switch to Golang.
At the time of writing, Golang had 87,600 Github Stars, which is higher than Node.js, and a big number of contributors from all over the world.
Everyone will agree that having libraries and tools available for each work or project saves time and money during development.
NPM alone provides over 800,000 ready-made tools for any circumstance, with many more on the edge of becoming useful.
Golang is a newcomer to the backend development scene, and while it has a lot of helpful capabilities, it doesn’t have as many as Node.js.
Node.js has more development tools than Golang, owing to the fact that it can be used for both the frontend and the backend, as shown in this comparison.
Salary and Availability of Developers
Because Go is a new language, it can be tough to find developers, but it is one of the most promising, with a bright future ahead of it.
Let’s take a look at the StackOverflow Survey 2020 for salaries by technology.
Because of the scarcity produced as a new and promising programming language, Golang pays very well:
In the United States, the parallel may also be noticed.
The comparison shows that Node.js has more engineers and job openings than Golang, yet Golang pays more.
Companies and Apps Using Node.Js
The following is a list of companies and applications that actively use Node.js on their servers.
Companies and Apps Using Golang
The following is a list of companies and applications that actively use Golang on their servers:
Node.js is widely adopted and used by globally renowned names like Netflix, LinkedIn, PayPal, Trello, eBay, Medium, etc.
It’s difficult to say which technology is superior based on the analysis above. We’ve made an effort to provide you with insights about which technology will best suit your project or align with your company’s culture and processes.
It actually relies on your background when it comes to determining which tool is best.
In any case, Go and Node.js adds significant value to your skillset and allows you to advance in your job.
Hopefully, this article has given you some direction in deciding between Golang and Node.js.